So today while in Denver, I visited a Starbucks. I was excited to see Stevia in the Raw! As I looked at the packet I saw that the first, yes the first ingredient was Dextrose and not Stevia Leaf. I was not exactly sure what Dextrose was so tonight I did a search. Extremely bad, I would not say so, however, it is made from corn in the U.S. and it does not say Non GMO or organic corn which is a big concern. The information is listed below for you to do your own research as we “Keep trying to stay healthy in an unhealthy world!”
Dextrose in food is a simple sugar. It is actually a type of glucose, which is a monosaccharide that is widely found in nature and is used by nearly every living organism as a source of energy at the cellular level. The glucose molecule comes in two molecular forms that are mirror images of one another, and dextrose is one of those forms.
Dextrose is a form of glucose, a monosaccharide, or simple sugar. Glucose is your body’s primary fuel, and while your digestive system can break down all the foods that you eat into glucose, carbohydrates provide the most amount of raw materials for glucose. Glucose molecules can occur in two different shapes, known as stereoisomers, and one of those forms is called dextrorotary glucose. It’s also known by the chemical name of dextrose monohydrate, or d-glucose for short. The food industry calls this sugar dextrose. Dextrose is the right-handed form of glucose and it is used by your body.
Foods, primarily starchy carbohydrates, are broken down by the body into monosaccharides and disaccharides. Glucose is the main sugar that is produced, and it is used to make adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, which is the energy source for the body’s cells. Glucose is fuel for the brain, and low levels of glucose in the blood can have negative effects on mental processes. Glucose, in its biologically active form of dextrose, is essential to many biological processes. It is used to manufacture proteins and plays a role in lipid metabolism, according to
Dextrose is commercially available in liquid or powder form and can be found in many grocery stores and stores that sell vitamins and dietary supplements. Dextrose is obtained from starches or cellulose. The raw materials can be corn, rice, potatoes or many other vegetables. The primary ingredient for making dextrose in the United States is corn. First the raw materials are liquefied, and then an enzyme is added to the liquid, which reacts with the starch and breaks it down into dextrose. The process of converting starch into the dextrose sugar is called saccharification, according to a paper titled “A Better Way to Produce Dextrose from Starch” on the University of Illinois website.
Dextrose is an important commercial product and is used in the manufacturing of a variety of foods, according to It is used in baked goods and other foods to promote browning. In bakeries and breweries, dextrose is used to provide food for the yeast so that the yeast can complete its fermentation process. The sugar dextrose extends the shelf life of foods and helps to keep prepared foods from losing their color. Crystallized dextrose produces a cool feeling in the mouth, and it limits the amount of time that the sensation of sweetness stays in the mouth. For that reason, it is often used together with sucrose to provide a balanced sweetness to prepared foods.
Dextrose hasn’t always been a welcome addition to the U.S. menu. Sucrose, or common table sugar, is refined from sugar cane or sugar beets and has been a pantry staple for many years. But during the 1940s, war shortages pushed food producers to find new sources of inexpensive sweeteners, and they turned to corn, according to the Americans distrusted this new sweetener and had to be sold on the merits of dextrose and reassured that it wasn’t unhealthful. Today, the politics of sugar and sugar substitutes continues to concern the American consumer about health
3Dchem: Dextrose
Cargill: Functional Properties of Dextrose
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: Improving Dextrose Production
Candy Professor: Candy and Corn–Rich in Dextrose
Article reviewed by Kirk Ericson Last updated on: Jun 14, 2011

Published in: on April 1, 2013 at 10:39 pm  Leave a Comment  

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